Insects damage 425 cotton acres,Western Hama

اعداد ميس نور الدين | تحرير أمنة رياض | ترجمة محمد غيث | تحرير الترجمة فرح ناصيف 🕔 تم النشر بتاريخ : 4 أكتوبر، 2018 3:24:51 م خبر أعمال واقتصاداجتماعي زراعة

Hama-SMART

Insects damage 425 cotton acres, in the al-Ghab Plain Western Hama, Central Syria.

On Wednesday, Ghassan Aboud, the manager of the Agriculture Directorate in the al-Ghab Plain area said that the size of the area infected with cotton leaf and thorny almond worms is estimated at 400 to 425 acres (One acre = 1,000 square meters). Aboud added that about 75-100 percent of the field was infected. 

Aboud noted that the thorny almond worm is more dangerous for the production of the cotton worm, as the first affects producing cotton and feeds on the cotton flowers’ ovaries, killing the flowers. Aboud noted that the thorny almond worm appears in June and reproduces in September and October.

Aboud added that the insects affected cotton fields due to hot weather, in which the number of thorny almond worms increased. Aboud added that the planting of an unknown species of cotton grows well in the soil and fertilizer used in the area, and overwatering the cotton fields also affected cotton production.  

Aboud noted that earlier that farmers combated the worms by using bacterial formulation to feed the caterpillars pathogenic microbes for the caterpillars and attractive hunts that spread in cotton fields, attracting and attacking the caterpillars; however, such solutions are not available now, according to Aboud.  

The farmer Ahmad Hamdouni said that an acre of cotton cost him 50, 000 Syrian pounds (SYP), including, seeds, cultivation, irrigation, and pesticides. Hamdouni added that the insects that affected his cotton crops destroyed production 20 days before harvest. Hamdouni noted that he lost 35, 000 SYP per acre and organizations did not compensate him.   

Planting cotton depends on the temperature of the soil, and the date of harvest depends on the farmed cotton species, time and method of planting, space of the field, and irrigation.

Farmers in the al-Ghab Plain returned to plant cotton as traders encouraged them five years after the farmers stopped planting this his strategic crop due to military actions in the area.  

In the past five years, planting cotton decreased in Western Hama due to Syrian government forces and Russian bombings in the area. The 93 percent decrease in the Kastoun dam's water level also affected cotton planting, as the dam irrigates 40,000 acres of agricultural fields.

 

الاخبار المتعلقة

اعداد ميس نور الدين | تحرير أمنة رياض | ترجمة محمد غيث | تحرير الترجمة فرح ناصيف 🕔 تم النشر بتاريخ : 4 أكتوبر، 2018 3:24:51 م خبر أعمال واقتصاداجتماعي زراعة
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