Islamic State suppresses format new organization by its "most extremist" members
After the Islamic State used to control large areas in Syria and Iraq, and with the decrease in the area controlled by ISIS in an absolute desert, the border region between the two countries, a group led by Abou Shuaib al-Hadrami appeared within ISIS, claiming that its leaders' policies contributed to decreasing the ISIS influence. This group believes that the jihadist faith has died in ISIS' leader, Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi, and all first row leaders.
Who is al-Hadrami?
A knowledgeable source from ISIS reported that Abou Shuaib al-Hadrami, also known as Abou Turab al-Yamani and Abou Hassan al-Sanaai, was a member of the ISIS' Sharia council and for six months in 2015, an official of the Syrian area of Albu Kamal and the Iraqi area of Al-Qaem, which ISIS called the Euphrates prefecture. The source added that al-Hadrami was one of the distinguished leaders, along with Abou Abdul Rahman al-Tal Afri, during the operation of storming-and-controlling the Iraqi city of Mosul.
The source also said that al-Hadrami supervised four training camps for "covert and suicide" fighters in Mosul and the Euphrates prefecture, lost three of his sons in the Mosul and Fallujah battles and that he had a daughter called Shaimaa al-Hadramiyah, who is now detained in Baghdad for recruiting women for ISIS.
The source added that al-Hadrami is well acquainted with the Sharia issues and that before joining ISIS in 2013, al-Hadrami was a member of the Qaidat al-Jihad Islamic organization in Yemen.
Besides al-Hadrami, the defected group included the so-called Abou Ayman al-Iraqi, one of ISIS' most distinguished Islamist missionaries and Sharia experts, who was an official of al-Hasakah governorate, which ISIS called Al-Barakah prefecture.
Beginning and cause of the defection, and aim of the defected
The source, who is close to the defected group, said that the defection began about three months ago in the towns of Hajin, Al-Shaafah, and Al-Aliyat near the Syrian-Iraqi border in Deir Ez-Zor, and led by al-Hadrami. About 80 fighters followed al-Hadrami at the start, most of them from Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Algeria, and Yemen; the group soon expanded to include more than 200 fighters.
The source added that the defected fighters, whom he described as "ISIS' most extremist members," refused to fight for the state, which expelled them. Those fighters depend on foreign donations to finance themselves, in addition to accusing merchants and civilians of hypocrisy in order to seize their property.
Regarding the cause of defection, the source said that the defected accused ISIS' leaders, especially al-Baghdadi, of being "infidels." The group added that the leaders' policies were the reason why ISIS declined and lost most of the lands it controlled, as the leaders agreed with the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to withdraw from al-Raqqah after the International Coalition has launched a military operation for several months on the city. The leaders attempted to conclude another agreement with the loyalist forces and Russia to withdraw ISIS fighter from the districts of Damascus.
The group also accused the leaders of "total failure" in choosing the basic recruits for ISIS, especially after several agents and spies appeared and killed most of ISIS' first row leaders, which caused a state of "weakness" among the fighters, according to the source.
The source said that the defected don does not seek to topple al-Baghdadi and the leaders but to form a new organization.
ISIS arrests leaders and attempts to suppress the defection
The source said that ISIS was not able to suppress this defection at its beginning months earlier with a military operation due to the "fierceness" of the defected fighters, who were soldiers of the Jund al-Khilafah Army, and to that ISIS fighter's did not believe in fighting the defected. ISIS also was busy fighting the loyalist forces, the SDF and the Iraqi Popular Mobilization Forces.
The source added that the calmness in frontlines last March helped ISIS to mobilize it "security service" to persecute the defected leaders and detain them. Soon, ISIS clashed with the defected in the town of Hajin, arresting al-Hadrami, and about 65 more defected members and killing four others.
The source also said that ISIS tries not to clash with the remaining defected fighters to avoid provoking its foreign fighters and spreading the ideas of the defected.
Over the last year, ISIS suffered significant throwbacks, as it lost control of most of the cities, especially al-Raqqah, which ISIS considered the capital of the state and the Iraqi city of Mosul. After the Iraqi government announced eliminating ISIS in Iraq, the military operation against ISIS in Syria stopped due to the SDF's attempt to block the Free Syrian Army and the Turkish Army in Afrin. Two days ago, the SDF announced that it would resume their attack against the last ISIS strongholds.